Sanskrit / Indian Name/s

Latin Name

Common Name/s

Properties – Indications

Ajwan,
Ajowan,
Ajwain,
Yavani

Ayurvedic Medicine Herb Ajwain seed

Carum
copticum
Carom,
Bishop’s
weed
Spastic bowel, flatulence, dyspepsia, sluggish digestion, chronic hiccups, belching, sinus congestion, asthma, menstrual cramping, renal calculi, depression.
Amalaki,
Amla,
Dhatri

gooseberry-amla

Emblica officinalis Emblic myrobalan,
Indian gooseberry

Hyperacidity, constipation, ulcers, hepatitis, colitis, high cholesterol, diabetes, anemia, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Argbhada,
Arag-vadha,
Amaltas

cassia fistula-golden shower tree

Cassia fistula Indian laburnum,
Purging cassia

Ringworm, constipation, fevers, bleeding, hemorrhoids.

Arjuna,
Arjun,
Kakubha

arjuna-bark-and-dried-fruit

Terminalia arjuna Arjuna myrobalan Heart, lungs, skin, liver, reproductive tissues, anemia, tumors, asthma, cardiac and circulatory problems.

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha-Winter-cherry

Withania Somnifera Winter cherry

General debility, insomnia, low libido, impotence, infertility, multiple sclerosis, enlarged prostate, skin diseases.

Aswatha

ficus-religiosa-peepal

Ficus religiosa Peepal

Astringent, laxative, cooling, alterative. Boils, ulcers, skin disease, diabetes, constipation.

Avani

hyoscyamus-niger-Avani

Hyoscyamus niger Henbane

Sedative. Chronic dementia, hysteria, palpitations, asthma.

Badama

Badam

Prunus amygdalus Almond

Laxative, tonic, nervine tonic, mental stimulant.

Bhringaraj

Bhringraj for hair

Eclipta alba Bhringaraj

Alopecia, premature greying, dizziness, hepatitis, cirrhosis, insomnia, bronchitis, asthma, skin.

Bhumyamalaki

Phyllanthus amarus; P. niruri; P. fraternus (US) Phyllanthus,
Stonebreaker
Chancra piedra

Jaundice, liver disease, fever, genitourinary disease, edema, gallstones, menorrhagea

Bibhitaki,
Baheda

Terminalia belerica Beleric myrobalan

Digestive disorders, bronchitis, asthma, Chron’s disease, colitis, parasites, congestion of eyes, ears and nose, insomnia, bladder stones, cardiac congestion.

Brahmi,
Jalabrahmi

Bacopa
monnieri
Bacopa,
Indian Gotu kola

Memory loss, debility, cystitis, headaches, epilepsy, ADHD, Asperger’s syndrome, depression, autism.

Champaka

Michelia champaca Champaca

Emmenagogue, diuretic. Gastritis, chronic arthritis, colic.

Chitrak,
Chitraka,
Agni,
Jvala

Plumbago zeylanica White
leadwort

Digestive problems, non-bleeding hemorrhoids, arthritis, parasites.

Dadima,
Anardana

Punica
granatum
Pomegranate

Dysentery, diarrhea, hyperacidity, dyspepsia, menopause, prostate problems, circulation.

Datura,
Dhattura

Datura metel White thorn apple

Joint pain, asthma, fevers, lung congestion, dysmenorrhea.

Devadaru

Cedrus
deodara
Devadar

Diaphoretic, diuretic, carminative. Fevers, diarrhea, urinary disorders.

Dhanyaka,
Dhaniya

Coriandrum sativum Coriander, Cilantro

Bloating, flatulence, irritable bowel syndrom, worms, allergies, cystitis, dysuria, fevers, respiratory problems, heavy metals.

Ela,
Elaichi,
Sukshma ela

Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom

Bloating, borborygmus, colic, indigestion, coughs, asthma, nausea, morning sickness, painful urination.

Garijara

Daucus carota Carrot seed

Jaundice, kidney diseases.

Guduchi,
Giloy,
Amrita

Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora

Arthritis, gout, malaria, diabetes, skin diseases.

Haridra,
Haldi

Curcuma longa Turmeric

Infections, ulcers, dyspepsia, diabetes, gallstones, skin diseases, conjunctivitis, cysts, endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, fevers, septicaemia, high cholesterol.

Haritaki,
Harde,
Hara

Terminalia chebula Chebulic myrobalan

Constipation, hemorrhoids, eye disorders, dysentery, parasites, hemorrhoids, high cholesterol, coughs, conjunctivitis.

Hing,
Hingu

Ferula
asafoetida
Asafoetida

Flatulence, cough, constipation, palpitations, aphrodisiac, whooping cough, sciatica, convulsions, arthritis.

Isaphgul,
Sat Isabgol

Plantago ovata Psyllium husk

Constipation, colitis, irritable bowel, cystitis

Jatamansi

Nardostachys jatamansi Indian
spikenard

Nervousness, anxiety, dysmenorrhea, insomnia, hair tonic

Jeeraka,
Jeera

Cuminum cyminum Cumin seed

Antiseptic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, galactagogue, antispasmodic

Kapikachchu, Atmagupta

Mucuna pruriens Kapi kacchu, Cowhage

Parkinson’s, paralysis, cramps, low libido, infertility, impotence, hypercholesterolemia.

Karpoor

Cinnamomum
camphora
Camphor

Diarrhea, nervousness, muscular pain, fever.

Katuka,
Katuki,
Kutki

Picrorhiza kurroa Gentian

Hepatitis C, cirrhosis, acidity, allergies, asthma, rhinitis, eczema, autoimmune conditions, dysentery.

Krishnajiraka, Kalika,
Kaljaji

Nigella sativa Black cumin, Love-in-the-mist

Carminative, antispasmodic, aromatic, diuretic, vermifuge, expectorant, bronchodilator

Kumari,
Ghee kunvar, Kunvar patha

Aloe indica,
Aloe vera, Aloe barbadensis
Aloe vera

Cuts, burns, infections, constipation, enlarged liver or spleen, hepatitis, bursitis, cystitis, vaginitis, bronchitis, asthma, tumors.

Kmkuma, Kesar,
Ghusrna

Crocus sativus Saffron

Dysmenorrhea, infertility, anemia, liver congestion, cardiac congestion, angina, impotence, low libido, depression, nervous debility, painful urination.

Kutaja,
Kutaj,
Kureya

Holarrhena
antidysenterica
Kutaja

Amoebic and bacillary dysentery, diarrhea, colitis, Chron’s disease, hemorrhoids, skin problems, bleeding disorders.

Lasuna,
Rasona

Allium
sativum
Garlic

Gastric disturbances, food poisoning, candida albicans, catarrh, myalgia, sluggishness, high cholesterol, clotting, infections, blood pressure.

Mandukaparni

Centella
asiatica
Gotu kola (West), Indian pennywort

Insomnia, epilepsy, stress, autism, ADHD, Asperger’s, memory loss, inflammatory skin conditions, wounds, hair loss, arthritis, gout.

Manjista,
Manjishta,
Manjith

Rubia
cordifolia
Indian
madder

Female disorders, anorexia, skin diseases, poor appetite.

Maricha

Piper
nigrum
Black
pepper

Dyspepsia, cough, pharyngitis, headache, diarrhea

Markandika

Cassia angustifolia Cassia angustifolia

Constipation, liver disease, joint pain

Mustaka,
Musta

Cyperus rotundus Nut grass

Anti-inflammatory, flatulence, fever, estrogenic

Nagadamni

Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris

Anthelminthic, expectorant

Nagbala

Grewia hirsute Grewia hirsute

Diarrhea, wounds, heart disease, fever

Narikela

Cocos
nucifera
Cocos
nucifera

Fever, pharyngitis, skin disorders, alterative

Neem,
Nimba

Azadirachta indica Neem, Margosa, Indian lilac

Skin disease, antibacterial, antifungal, blood purifier, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, antiparasitic, antiseptic, antiemetic

Punarnava

Boerhavia diffusa Indian hogweed

Diuretic, expectorant, laxative

Rakta Chandan

Pterocarpus santalinus Red sandalwood

Skin tonic, liver disorders, fever

Sariva,
Sugandhi

Hemidesmus indicus Indian sarsaparilla

Alterative. Poor appetite, cough, skin problems

Sarpagandha

Rauwolfia serpentina Rauwolfia, Indian snake root

Hypertension, anxiety, insomnia, colic

Satapushpi

Peucedanum graveolens Peucedanum graveolens

Flatulence, colic, abscesses, digestive

Satupuspa

Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare

Cough, flatulence, dysmenorrhea, hookworm, edema

Shallaki

Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata

Antiarthritic, analgesic, anti inflammatory

Shankapushpi,
Shankhahuli

Evolvulus alsinoides Bindweed,
Aloe weed

Anxiety, diarrhea, bronchitis, memory loss, fever, liver problems, skin diseases.

Shardunika
Gurmar,
Meshasringa

Gymnema sylvestre Gymnema

Diuretic, astringent, hypoglycemic, refrigerant, stomachic

Shatavari

Asparagus racemosus Wild
asparagus

Galactogogic, antispasmodic, anti diarrhetic, demulcent.

Shati

Curcuma zedoaria White
turmeric

Cough, asthma, leukorrhea, tonsillitis.

Shleshmataka

Cordia myxa (obliqua) Cordia myxa (obliqua)

Expectorant, colic, dyspepsia, ulcers, cough

Shunti,
Ardraka

Zinginber officinale Ginger

Stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant, emmenagogue, antiemetic

Sigru,
Shigru

Moringa
oleifera
Horseradish, Drumstick

Antifungal, antiviral, flocculating agent, stimulant, abortifacient, source of vitamin C, colds, boils, fever, joint pain, gout

Sudarshan

Crinum deflexum
(asiaticum)
Crinum deflexum
(asiaticum)

Emetic, inflammatory conditions.

Talamulika

Curculigo orchiodes Curculigo orchiodes

Hemmorrhoids, asthma, kidney stones, skin

Tulsi,
Tulasi,
Divya,
Vishnu-priya

Ocimum sanctum Holy basil

Demulcent, expectorant, anticatarrhal, antispasmodic, anthelminthic, nervine, tonic, diaphoretic, digestive stimulant, antiparasitic, antibacterial

Twak,
Daru-sita,
Dalchini

Cinnamomum
zeylanicum
Cinnamon

Antispasmodic, carminative, aromatic, astringent, expectorant, stimulant, diaphoretic

Udumbara

Ficus
racemosa
Ficus
racemosa

Diarrhea, hemorrhoids, bleeding disorders, antiseptic

Uma

Linum usitatissimum Linum usitatissimum

Cystitis, bronchitis, boils, expectorant, demulcent

Vacha,
Ugragandha

Acorus
calamus
Calamus,
Sweet flag

Nervine, antispasmatic, sedative, stomachic, expectorant, emetic, laxative, diuretic

Vasaka,
Vasa

Justicia
adhatoda
Malabar nut

Bronchitis, asthma, jaundice, antispasmodic

Vidari,
Vidarikand

Pueraria tuberosa Vidarikanda

Cough, hoarseness, respiratory stimulant, tonic

Yashti madhu,
Jethimadh

Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice root

Wounds, sore throat, colds, coughs, nervous exhaustion, liver, skin conditions,ulcers, cystitis, chronic fatigue.

Zupha

Hyssopus officinalis Hyssop

Cough, asthma, bronchitis, amenorrhea

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